Web Development or Website Development is the art of the creation of websites and web applications.
Web development is a complete process of coding and programming that enables the functionality of a website.
Web development is a broad and diverse field. Within web development there are a large number of different concepts.
It ranges from building a single web page to creating big websites, complex web applications and social media sites.
To understand web development we can break it into its two core concepts.
a. The Front-end Web Development (Interface)
b. The Back-end Web Development (Programming/Logic)
What is the Difference between Web Development and Web Design?
Before getting in depth into core concepts of web development, what you need to do is differentiate between web development and web designing.
These terms are often used interchangeably in general conversation.
What is Web Designing?
Web designing is concerned with what the user sees on his computer screen or mobile device.
Web designers bring digital experience to life, they use different colors, images, typography and layouts. It is basically done by using software like
- Adobe Illustrator
- Adobe In Design
- Adobe Photoshop
What is Web Development?
At the first glance it will be hard for you to digest everything especially if you are a newbie.
The good news is you don’t need to read everything at once.
Learning to become a web developer is easy and accessible now a day.
Web development is the process of creating a website or a web page.
It is the mechanical background of building, programming, and deploying the code.
Web development is divided into multiple stacks, we have front-end, back-end and full-stack.
The first step is to decide which part of web development you want to learn i.e. front-end or back-end.
What is Front-end Web Development?
As the name shows that front-end web development is the process of building the interfaces of any website.
Front-end web development is about creating beautiful and user-friendly interfaces that work the best.
This is the part with which a user interacts with a website to perform any actions.
A person who works on this part of web development is known as a front-end web developer.
Front-end developer takes the code from the design team and writes code to implement it.
Thus, What makes front-end development more important is, a front-end developer acts like a bridge between the designer and back-end developer. He has to collaborate with both team members.
Here is a list of front-end developers at JSdevs.
How to learn Front-end Web Development?
To be a front-end web developer you need to learn the following technologies.
Hyper Text Markup Language commonly known as HTML is the first language you have to learn to be a front-end developer.
HTML is a standard markup language for documents designed to be displayed in a web browser.
It allows you to add the initial content in the form of headings, paragraphs, tables and navigation bars on different web pages of a website.
As HTML creates the basic structure, it’s also known as the backbone of the web page.
HTML uses different tags to define the elements. A heading is defined with a starting heading tag <H> and closing heading tag </H>.
Same as any paragraph will be defined within <P> </P>.
Not only the basic HTML is important but also HTML5 is important.
Learn HTML from W3Schools -> https://www.w3schools.com/whatis/
Learn HTML from Wikipedia -> https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HTML
Cascade Style Sheet commonly known as CSS, is used to add styles to make the basic layout more beautiful.
After creating all the elements in HTML, CSS is the second essential front-end language to learn.
While HTML tells the web page what content to display, CSS tells the web page how to display the content. CSS defines the rules to make a beautiful appearance of the web page.
To define the specific style for any HTML element, CSS uses special Class and ID attributes. Here is a simple example;
The basic HTML code
<p class="center large">This paragraph refers to two classes.</p>
CSS applied to the paragraph class
Bootstrap is CSS framework that brings pre-defined code for various different styles to apply on HTML tags.
It makes life even easier since you do not need to write all the code by yourself. It offers a large number of predefined libraries for various styles.
Learn CSS from W3Schools -> https://www.w3schools.com/whatis/whatis_css.asp
Learn CSS from Wikipedia -> https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cascading_Style_Sheets
After building the interface of a website, it comes to the functionality phase where you define actions for buttons, menus, and hyperlinks.
Tip: If you don’t know the difference between a library and framework you can read the below guide:
jQuery brings you predefined functions to save you from writing a large number of code yourself. It allows you to perform tasks quickly since it is super fast.
Over the years jQuery has helped a large number of users around the globe to make the complex projects successful.
Read more about jQuery here -> https://jquery.com/
It is a new technology as compared to jQuery. It was created by Jordan Walke, a software engineer at Facebook in 2011.
React offers you flexibility and speed while working on large scale projects. React is mostly used to display data on the screen.
Read more about React here -> https://reactjs.org/
Angular previously known as Angular.js is a single web development framework developed by Google for both desktop and mobile web applications.
Read more about Angular here -> https://angular.io/
Read more about Vue.js here -> https://vuejs.org/
Node.js helps you to create your own server on front-end by writing only on JS.
It is useful for both server and desktop applications.
Read more about Node.js here-> https://nodejs.org/en/
Ember.js is one the best architecture and is suitable to develop complex applications.
Read more about Ember.js here-> https://emberjs.com/
What is Back-end Web Development?
After reading about the Front-end web development it’s time to dive into the back-end web developments which consist of server and data.
Do you ever think about what makes the front-end possible? Where is all that data stored?
This is where the back-end comes in
The back-end web development controls what goes on behind the scenes of a web application.
It consists of a server and a database. In the following sections we will learn about how a server side and back-end works.
There are a large number of server side languages.
Hypertext Processor also known as PHP is one of the most used back-end languages of all time.
It is an open-sourced scripting language originally created by Rasmus Lerdorf in 1994.
Although PHP is slowly decreasing its popularity, it is still great for any back-end web developer to learn.
PHP is embedded in between the HTML tags. What makes PHP different from various other back-end languages is, the code is written on the front-end but it is processed on the server side.
The good news for you is, PHP is extremely easy and simple for newcomers to learn.
On the other hand PHP offers many advanced features for professional programmers to perform complex tasks.
Read more about PHP here -> https://www.php.net/
Node.js is free and runs on various platforms including Windows, Linux, Unix, Mac OS etc.
Read more about Node.js here-> https://nodejs.org/en/
There are a number of back-end web development server side languages and you can explore any of the as per your interest. Such as:
It is also a platform, which means that Java code can run on any machine that has a JVM ( Java Virtual machine).
Read more about Java here https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Java_(software_platform)
In 1991 Python emerged as a programming language. It is growing rapidly and now it is one of the most demanding & highest paid programming languages.
Since 1991 python has released three major versions i.e Python1.0, Python 2.0 & Python 3.0.
Read more about Python here-> https://www.python.org/
Ruby is an open source programming language developed by Yukihiro Matsumoto.
It is a multi- purpose high level programming language and it supports multiple programming paradigms, such as procedural, object as well as functional programming.
Ruby is gaining popularity, and a framework called Ruby on Rails has helped to increase its usage in web programming.
Read more about Ruby here-> https://www.ruby-lang.org/en/
ASP.NET is an open source server side web application framework. It is created by Microsoft.
It allows developers to build modern web applications, web services and dynamic content - driven websites.
ASP.NET is a cross platform which runs on Windows, Linux, macOS and Docker.
Read more about ASP.NET here-> https://dotnet.microsoft.com/
Perl is an interpreted language which is used for creating dynamic websites.
The first version of Perl was created in 1987 by programmer Larry Wall. Perl has undergone many changes and revisions.
Read more about Perl here-> https://www.perl.org/
The list of top back-end developers at JSdevs
What is Full-stack Web Development?
Full-stack development services are trending at a great pace. Every business requires professionals with extensive know how about everything from the front-end, back-end, and database.
Full stack development is end-to-end procedure. You need to have specialist work on each of the different subsystems of the web development process.
Most of the companies are demanding full stack developers who are proficient in working across multiple stacks.
Web Development in 2020
Web development services are referred to activities related to website development, software development, web design, app development, web servers, web content, website security, e-commerce and so on.
The field of Web development is rapidly changing.
It is important to foresee trends and learn how to adapt to them. I will not overwhelm you with the technologies. There are multiple options that you can learn.
Top web development trends in 2020 Progressive Web Apps (PWA)
- Artificial intelligence and Bots
- Accelerated mobile Pages ( AMP)
- Single page Applications ( SPA)
- Voice Search Optimization
- Motion UI
- Automation Testing
- Serverless Application and Architecture
- Blockchain Technology
- Internet of things (LoT)
- Mobile - First Development
- Responsive Websites (RWD)
- Push Notifications
- GPDR and Cyber Security
Reference -> https://lanars.com/blog/top-web-development-trends
Web development is the most important phase in the digital presence of any business.
It can be concluded that web development services are the most demanding services in the tech field and its demand is increasing day by day.
Companies hire developers to work on both the areas separately. As discussed above both domains.
In the end i would say if you are making a career as a web developer then the more you learn, the easier it is to learn more and fit all of these technologies together.
In this blog post, we have covered almost all the core concepts of web development and also the most important trends in 2020. You can get more insight into these trends.