Outline

Introduction

What is front-end web development?

What languages use in front-end web development?

Who is a front-end web developer?

Popular Frameworks used in Front-end web development

Popular Libraries used in Front-end web development

In Conclusion

Introduction

When you visit  any website / web page or blog, you’ll see a combination of text, buttons, menus and sidebars that help you to navigate. These parts of a website that you interact with are the example of front-end development.

In this article you will get in detail information about front-end web development and its main technologies.

Let’s discuss front-end development in detail. It is one of the most interesting jobs if you're really passionate about it.

What is front-end web development?

Front-end development is also called client- side development because it refers to everything that the client ( the user ) can see. Let’s take a closer look at the front-end development.

Front-end web development is the process of writing code to create an interface for a web site or web application. In front-end development, developers use HTML, CSS and JavaScript to design and develop beautiful interfaces.

What languages use in front-end web development?

There are three main coding languages commonly used in front-end web development: HTML,  CSS, and JavaScript. These three coding languages  are the building blocks of any website or application.

Let's take a closer look at these languages.

HTML

HTML or Hypertext Markup Language, is used to create the basic layout of any web page.  HTML helps you to put content onto a page. It allows the inclusion of the text, buttons, links, images so to build the structure of a web page.

CSS

Cascading Style Sheets commonly known as CSS, is used to style the content that has been inserted using HTML. CSS allows you to change the color, size, shape and style of any element that you add with HTML.

JavaScript

It allows you to take ordinary web elements and make them interactive. JavaScript defines the functionality to elements like buttons, links and text-boxes. It can be used alongside your HTML and CSS and is an extremely important tool for any web developer.

Who is a front-end developer?

Front-end developers play a key role in software development. They are responsible for creating the front-end user interfaces.

Front-end developers bridge the world of design and technology, bringing design to life and packaging up the utility of back-end in a simple and inviting way for users to interact with.

Front-end Developer Services

Everything on the front-end is built with a mix of different languages and frameworks. The front-end developers use languages like HTML5, CSS3, JavaScript and frameworks like Bootstrap, React.js, Angular.js,Vue.js etc.

Generally, services offered by a front-end web developer include:

  • Tailoring user experience
  • Bringing a designer’s concept to life with web technologies
  • Development, modification and maintenance of websites and web applications’ UI
  • Implementing responsiveness to the website or applications for mobile
  • Contributing to some back-end experiences, collaborating on APIs
  • Maintaining software workflow management with the help of project management tools
  • Consulting / implementing SEO best practices
  • Testing the site during the development for usability and fixing bugs if there

Here is a List of experienced front-end developers along with their services offered.

Frameworks are a very powerful tool in the modern web. I analyze the best front-end frameworks according to their performance and popularity.

Angular.js

Angular.js is one of the most powerful JavaScript frameworks. It is licensed under Apache and maintained by Google.

It was developed in 2009 by Misko and Adam Abrons. In a very short time span this technology became very popular among organizations.

It is used to create SPA (single page applications) projects. Using Angular.js you can create RIA (rich internet applications). It helps to write an application using MVC (model view controller) architecture.

Apart from that, Angular.js nowadays is compatible with all the latest versions of browsers available. For example, if you take any browser Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox or Internet Explorer, it will be compatible with that browser.

If you are working with older browser versions, it may not be compatible because it is not that old a product. Apart from that, if you notice about JavaScript, different browsers have different JavaScript engines to execute the JavaScript code.

Vue.js

Vue.js is an open source JavaScript framework and is used for building user interfaces for the web. It is an independent tool that creates web interfaces and doesn't require the additional extension.

Vue.js is component based and visual DOM, which makes it very fast. The important feature of Vue.js  is that it has a significantly smaller size, compared to React and Angular. Vue.js framework is 2-way binding.

Vue.js is known for all- inclusive documentation, and that’s why the developers will save up time learning this framework of JavaScript. Developers need to start with basic JavaScript and HTML  as Vue.js applies HTML-based template patterns.

Ember.js

Ember.js is another JavaScript open source framework and it was created by Yehuda Katz and published in 2011. It is a component based and 2-way binding like Angular.

Ember.js is one the best architecture and is suitable to develop complex applications.

It is a harder framework to master, it’s not a flexible structure. It allows developers to create scalable single page web applications.

JavaScript offers libraries  that are commonly use by front-end developers. The following are the some of popular JavaScript libraries used in front-end web development.

React.js

React.js a JavaScript library for building front-end applications or user interfaces (UI). It was developed by Facebook in 2013 and is licensed under MIT.

React.js is used to create SPA (single page applications) and also for the layering web and mobile applications.

It corresponds to the view MVP pattern. React.js provides virtual DOM (document object model). When you start working with react the first thing which you will create is a component.

That component will be responsible for getting the data for making all the programming operations and returning virtual DOM, the HTML template to the view. React.js is cross platform, which means you can work with any platform whether you're a Mac, Windows, or a Linux user.

jQuery

jQuery is a feature rich JavaScript library and it was developed by Jhon Resig

in 2006. It can be used when you want to extend your website and make it more interactive.

It reduces the amount of code that used to be written in order to perform specific functions. It is cross browser compatible. It is open source and free to use.

Bootstrap

Bootstrap is a CSS framework that brings everything in a single package. Bootstrap offers libraries with pre- define code  for various styles, making life even easier.Now you do not need to write complete CSS code.

Backbone.js

Backnone.js one of the very small and efficient JavaScript libraries and not a framework. It was created by Jeremy Ashkenas and published in 2010. It doesn’t provide data binding and

Backbone.js is simple to learn. There are few concepts that you need to master: Models, Views, Routers, collections and events. It gives you a lot more flexibility in terms of structuring your application.

If you want to quickly get started and write clean, structured and maintainable JavaScript code, backbone.js is probably a good option.

Read more in details here.

In Conclusion

We can reach the conclusion that the web development market is represented by a great variety. There are just as many choices, at the front-end level of web development than there are anywhere else.

Today’s world is a technology dependent world and web development is one of the promising careers. Developers are confused about what I should learn if i want to become a front-end web developer.

My answer is just learn the core programming  languages of web development and add more essential frameworks and libraries  to your skill set. Although the choice of the frameworks and libraries depends largely on your own interest.