Outline

Introduction

What is Front-end Web Development?

What Languages are used in Front-end Web Development?

Who is a Front-end Web Developer?

Popular Frameworks used in Front-end Web Development

Popular Libraries used in Front-end Web Development

In Conclusion

Introduction

When you visit  any website/web page or blog, you’ll see a combination of text, buttons, menus and sidebars that help you to navigate. These parts of a website that you interact with are the example of front-end development.

In this article you will get in detail information about front-end web development and its main technologies.

Let’s discuss front-end development in detail. It is one of the most interesting jobs if you're really passionate about it.

What is Front-end Web Development?

Front-end development is also called client- side development because it refers to everything that the client ( the user ) can see. Let’s take a closer look at the front-end development.

Front-end web development is the process of writing code to create an interface for a web site or web application. In front-end development, developers use HTML, CSS and JavaScript to design and develop beautiful interfaces.

What Languages are used in Front-end Web Development?

There are three main languages commonly used in front-end web development: HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. These three languages are the building blocks to design and develop the interface of any website or application.

Let's take a closer look at these languages.

HTML

HTML or Hypertext Markup Language, is used to create the basic layout of any web page.  HTML helps you to put content onto a page. It allows the inclusion of the text, buttons, links, images to build the structure of a web page.

CSS

CSS or Cascading Style Sheets, is used to style the content that has been inserted using HTML. CSS allows you to change the color, size, shape and style of any element that you added with HTML.

JavaScript

JavaScript allows you to take ordinary web elements and make them interactive. It defines the functionality to elements like buttons, links and text-boxes. It can be used alongside your HTML and CSS and is an extremely important tool for any web developer.

Who is a front-end developer?

Front-end developers play a key role in software development. They are responsible for creating the front-end user interfaces.

Front-end developers bridge the world of design and coding, bringing design to life.

Front-end Developer Services

Everything on the front-end is built with a mix of different languages and frameworks. The front-end developers use languages like HtML, HTML5, CSS, CSS3, JavaScript and frameworks like Bootstrap, React.js, Angular.js,Vue.js etc.

Generally, services offered by a front-end web developer include:

  • Tailoring user experience
  • Bringing a designer’s concept to life with the help web technologies
  • Development, modification and maintenance of front-end
  • Implementing responsiveness to the website applications
  • Contributing to some back-end experiences, collaborating on APIs
  • Maintaining software workflow management with the help of project management tools
  • Consulting/implementing SEO best practices

Here is a List of experienced front-end developers along with their services offered.

Frameworks are a very powerful tool in the modern web. Here I have analyzed the best front-end frameworks according to their performance and popularity.

Angular.js

Angular.js is one of the most powerful JavaScript frameworks. It is licensed under Apache and maintained by Google.

It was developed in 2009 by Misko and Adam Abrons. In a very short time span this technology became very popular among organizations.

It is used to create SPA(Single Page Applications) projects. Using Angular.js you can create RIA(Rich Internet Applications).

Angular.js help you to write an application using MVC(Model View Controller) architecture.

Apart from that, Angular.js nowadays is compatible with all the latest versions of browsers available including Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox or Internet Explorer.

Tip: Before you work make sure that have the latest version of your internet browser.

Vue.js

Vue.js is an open source JavaScript framework and is used for building user interfaces for the web applications. It is an independent tool that creates web interfaces and doesn't require the additional extension.

Vue.js is component based and visual DOM, which makes it very fast.

The important feature of Vue.js  is that it has a significantly smaller size, compared to React and Angular. Vue.js framework is 2-way binding.

Vue.js is also known for its inclusive documentation. It enable the developers to save time and effort by making JavaScript functionality easy and simple.

Ember.js

Ember.js is another JavaScript open source framework that was created by Yehuda Katz and published in 2011. It is a component based and 2-way binding like Angular.js.

Ember.js is one the best architecture framework that is suitable to develop complex applications.

It is a harder framework to master, it’s not a flexible structure. It allows developers to create scalable single page web applications.

JavaScript also offers libraries that are commonly use by front-end developers. These libraries make things simple buy predefined code and functionality.

Following are the some of popular JavaScript libraries used in front-end web development.

React.js

React.js a JavaScript library for building front-end applications or user interfaces (UI). It was developed by Facebook in 2013 and is licensed under MIT.

React.js is used to create SPA (Single Page Applications) and also for the layering web and mobile applications.

It corresponds to the view MVP(Mode-view-presenter) pattern. React.js provides virtual DOM(Document Object Model). When you start working with react the first thing which you will create is a component.

That component will be responsible for getting the data for making all the programming operations and returning virtual DOM, the HTML template to the view.

React.js is enable you to developed crossed platform applications. That means you can work with any platform whether you're a Mac, Windows, or a Linux user.

jQuery

jQuery is a feature rich JavaScript library that was developed by Jhon Resig in 2006.

jQuery reduces the amount of code that used to be written in order to perform specific functions. It is cross browser compatible. It is an open source JavaScript library that is free to use.

Backbone.js

Backnone.js is one of the very small and efficient JavaScript libraries and not a framework. It was created by Jeremy Ashkenas and published in 2010.

Backbone.js is simple to learn. There are few concepts that you need to master: Models, Views, Routers, collections and events. It gives you a lot more flexibility in terms of structuring your application.

If you want to quickly get started and write clean, structured and maintainable JavaScript code, Backbone.js is probably a good option.

Bootstrap

Bootstrap is an Open-source CSS framework that brings everything in a single package. Bootstrap offers libraries with predefined code for various styles, making life even easier.Now you do not need to write complete CSS code.

In Conclusion

We can reach the conclusion that the web development market is represented by a great variety. There are just as many choices at the front-end web development than there are anywhere else.

Today’s world is a technology dependent world and web development is one of the promising careers. Developers are confused about what should they learn to become a front-end web developer.

My answer is just learn the core programming  languages of web development and add more essential frameworks and libraries to your skill set. Although the choice of the frameworks and libraries depends largely on your own interest.