Web development is a process of creating a website, web page or web application. Web development is not just writing code but it is actually a process that encompasses several practices or actions which includes web design, programming, security tasks from client side as well as from server side scripting.
Developing a web page, website or web application isn’t easy. There are a number of websites which have good content but design is very poor, also there are many websites with good design without having engaging content.
Whether you are a web developer, web designer, or none, in this article you will have a step-by step guide for building a web development project from initial stage to completion stage.
Irrespective of the website's web page or web app’s ultimate goal, the steps of developing an online presence of your business development process or step for the creation are relatively the same. The following are the top 7 simple steps of the web development process that need to be followed while developing your website.
- Information gathering
- Content Writing
- Maintenance and updating
It is an important step of the web development process, but most people ignore this step. It is obvious that there will be an ultimate goal of any web development project or any website development. It is important to consider some factors with respect to the impact of the project.
The most important task at this point is to get a clear understanding of main goal and target audience. Every project should begin with an information gathering phase, which is necessary to make a web development project successful.
After gathering information about business, now it's time to choose a technology stack and development methodology, estimate the time and resources to complete the whole project.
Different types of web projects provide visitors with different functionality, which means that different technology stacks should be used according to the purpose of the project.
During the planning stage you need a content structure, sitemap, and wire-frame .This will provide the foundation for your site. Based on the information gathered in the previous phase, the sitemap is created, which allows you to understand how the inner structure of a website looks like but it doesn’t describe the user interface.
A wire-frame provides a visual description of a site which represents the user interface that you are going to create.
This phase gives your website shape. Your web design is a key part of the success of your online business. After the creation of sitemap, developing wire frames and planning a road-map, it’s time to design.
This is the stage where creative UI/UX designers work on your website designing part. All the visual content such as, images, photos and videos etc created at this step. The design layout will structure your page that looks appealing to your target audience. Layout contains color, logos, images and gives general understanding of your site.
Once the design part is completed and approved , now the next thing is to get into the technical part. Your developers will start programming and implementing all the functionalities that are approved on the design stage.
A deep comprehension of the web development technology stack that your developer is going to use is crucial at this stage. The other important thing in this stage is to consider SEO (search engine optimization) of website elements.
For example title, description, keywords etc which help higher ranking of your site of search engines. Thus valid code is pretty important for SEO. This stage comprises further two types of development i.e front-end and back-end development.
- Front-end development
This is the stage of the client-side part which interacts with the users. The initial designs made in early stage are transformed into special animations and effects.Different functions are integrated based on the choice of technology stack and tools.
- Back-end development
This is the stage of user-side interaction and the server-side. The back-end is responsible for the server-side, database, integration of business logic and so on, depending on the purpose of the site.
After the development process, now it’s time to write the content on your website. An engaging content is necessary to grab the attention of the users. The content and the typography and structural element so matters.
Content is king .An engaging content leads or attracts new clients for the business, expands brand awareness, makes people aware about new products or services, Content writing demands creative headings, texts, images, adding calls to actions and other company related information. It is a good practice to prepare all content just before or during the development.
Web based applications or websites need intensive testing unlike software development. The development team must test all the scripts, ensuring that the site loads and displays perfectly on all devices and platforms.
Website or web based applications are necessary to do through testing at the live server. It needs to do complete testing of links, unit testing, website speed / application load speed, cross-browser compatibility and multiple screen tests.
There are different testing tools available which helps testers to test their application. Thus all the necessary testing should be done before launching it into the World Wide Web.
Maintenance and Updating
There is still more to be done after deploying a website or application. It is not enough to deliver a website or an application to users. You should also make sure that everything works fine and users are satisfied.
In this step of the web development process you need to do the analysis again, and all the steps will be repeated. Website / application maintenance, general updates, bug fixes, or even adding new features can be added if needed.
This stage is the final stage which supports and enhances your project. Once your web application or website is operational, ongoing promotion and technical maintenance, content management & updates are needed, depending on your project complexity.
You should always keep in mind that any web development project doesn't start with just coding. The steps or phases affect all the productivity of a web based application or website.
The overall number of steps of the web development process usually varies from five to eight but the whole process should be flexible enough to have a possibility to change according to user feedback or spirit of the time.
The above web development process steps will allow you to check whether everything flows as it should. Hopefully this article provided you with valuable information.