Web Development - Overview

Web development is a  process of creating  a website, web page or web application. Or we can say a complete process of coding and programming that enables the functionality of a website.

This process encompasses several practices or actions which include web design, programming, security tasks from client side as well as server side scripting.

Web Development ranges from building a single web page to creating big websites, complex web applications and social media sites

Web development is a broad and diverse field. Within web development there are a large number of different concepts. The main and basic are of two broad divisions of web development i.e  front-end development  and back-end development.

Web Development in 2020

With the advancements in web technology, it is imperative for business to have a highly functional and eye catching website. From web developers or programmers point of view, It is important for them to foresee changes and learn how to adapt.

If you are going to be a good web developer for more than 10 years then you have to update yourself with web development - understand in detail as well as keep going on learning new versions of technology stacks, frameworks, libraries and so on.

In 2020 web development services are the most demanding services in the tech field and its demand is increasing day by day. Web development contributes to users and databases (CMS). This could sound like a silly question, but isn’t. Why do you need a website and need its maintenance?

Let’s shed more light on web development in detail.

Programming Languages

In order to pursue web development as a profession, one of the most important things to consider is having expertise in programming languages.

The demand and popularity of programming languages fluctuate every year. There are also new programming languages that are emerging constantly with the latest features.

So, Learning or using  new programming languages in your web development is a sort of investment. If you are starting your programming career in 2020 or streamline your web development workflow then you do not need to learn or use all of the programming languages.

This is the fact that, It becomes difficult to decide which programming language is the most popular and which one is not. But you don't need to worry about it, I have researched on top 6 programming languages whose popularity is high in June  2020 and they are as follow.

1. Python:

Python is  an interpreted, high-level, general purpose programming language. Python lets you work quickly and integrate systems more effectively. It supports multiple programming paradigms python including structure, object-oriented and functional programming.

2. Java:

Java is an open source language which is gaining popularity in 2020. It is used to create server-side applications and these are high in demand because of development of apps for the web, mobile and smart devices.

3. JavaScript:

JavaScript is a dynamic development language  and powerful client-side scripting language. Alongside  with HTML and CSS, JavaScript is one of the core technologies of the world wide web. It is mainly designed for enhancing the interaction of the user with the web pages.

4. C#:

C# is a general purpose, multi-paradigm  programming language. C# will be  instantly recognizable to anyone who is familiar with C, C++ , or Java. C# is an object oriented programming language with XML-based services on the .NET platform.

5. PHP:

PHP stands for Hypertext Preprocessor and is a widely open source  general- purpose scripting language which is especially suited to web development. It is used to create static websites or dynamic websites or web applications.

6. C:

C is a general purpose programming language that is a flexible and extremely popular language in 2020 . C is a machine-independent , structured programming language which is used in various applications.

7. C++:

C++ is also a general purpose programming language and it is differ from many other popular general purpose languages. C++ supports programming in different ways like procedural ,object oriented, functional and so on.

If you're looking for the right programming language to quickly start your career or project, it would be wise to consider all aspects before choosing a language.

Web Development Technologies
You have probably familiar with web development technologies before, but did you ever think about what actually means?

Actually, web technologies are the markup languages and multimedia packages that computers use to communicate with. Here is the list of web development technologies that are used to complete any web based project.

  • Web development Frameworks
  • Programming Languages
  • Protocols
  • API
  • Data Formats
  • Client / Client-side
  • Server / Server-side

Read more about web development technologies here.

Web development technologies are being improved and updated all the time. Web development teams are required to take advantage of new versions of technologies.

Developing a website, web page, web application or even a custom software via fully managed website development teams is the best and perfect decision. How are you going to get familiar with the new technologies?

Well, you do not need to worry at all. Web development agencies are aware of the latest technologies and usage or at its optimum level.

Web Development Tools

Web development tools are also called DevTools . These tools allow developers to test and debug their code. Web development tools come as built-in features in web browsers.

Best examples of built-in features in web browsers are Google Chrome, Fixefox, Internet Explorer, Opera etc.

Web development tools allow developers to work with a number of different web technologies including HTML, CSS, JavaScript and more other technologies.

We can’t include everything, but here are some examples that I compiled a comprehensive list of web development tools. The tools and resources below are listed in no particular order.

  1. JavaScript Libraries
  2. Front-end Frameworks
  3. Back-end Development Tools
  4. Web Application Frameworks
  5. Task Runners/Package Managers
  6. Languages/Platforms
  7. Databases
  8. CSS Preprocessors
  9. Text Editors/Code editors
  10. Markdown Editors
  11. Git Clients/Git services
  12. Collaboration Tools

As you can see there are a number of web development tools and also you will get a number of different articles. Each article explores different web development tools, thus in the web development field there are hundreds of  tools  available to streamline your web development project. You can explore  in detail web development tools and resources here.

Web development trends change every single year. Every year, there are certain, seasonal trends that appear. These trends temporarily affect the market to different degrees. The impact of these trends spike and decline throughout the year.

To sustain every raising competition and to sharpen the knowledge you need to have a look out for in 2020. I compiled a list of 16 top web development trends. Please note that the list below is in no particular order.

  1. Progressive Web Apps (PWA)
  2. Artificial intelligence and Chatbots
  3. Accelerated mobile Pages (AMP)
  4. Single page Applications (SPA)
  5. Voice Search Optimization
  6. Motion UI
  7. Automation Testing
  8. JavaScript Frameworks
  9. Server-less Application and Architecture
  10. Block-chain Technology
  11. Internet of things (IoT)
  12. Mobile - First Development
  13. Responsive Websites (RWD)
  14. Push Notifications
  15. GDPR and Cyber Security
  16. User behavior tracking


Behind each most attractive and effective website or application, there are long stretches of preparation and practice. If you want to gain expertise in web development, you have to keep yourself with new tools, technologies and even latest trends in web development.